Pentraxin 3 (PTX3), also known as TNF-inducible gene 14 protein (TSG-14), is a member of the pentraxin superfamily which consists of evolutionarily conserved proteins characterized by a structural motif, the pentraxin domain. Pentraxin 3 can be produced by a variety of cell types including endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, adipocytes, fibroblasts, mononuclear phagocytes, and dendritic cells, and its expression is induced by primary inflammatory signals, such as IL-1, TNF, and microbial moieties. Pentraxin 3 is an acute phase glycoprotein that plays a role in the regulation of innate resistance to pathogens, inflammation, tissue remodeling and repair, female fertility and cancer. Pentraxin 3 is a biomarker for cardiovascular disease. Increased plasma Pentraxin 3 levels have been found in patients with cardiovascular disorders.