Adiponectin (AdipoQ), an adipocyte-derived hormone, is one of the most abundant adipokines in the blood circulation. Human adiponectin exists in three multimer forms, high-molecular-weight (HMW), middle-molecular-weight (MMW), and low-molecular-weight (LMW). Adiponectin modulates a number of metabolic processes, including improving insulin sensitivity and anti-inflammatory activity. The role of Adiponectin in reproduction is not yet fully understood, but the expression of Adiponectin in reproductive tissues has been observed in various animals and humans, including chicken testis, bovine ovary, and human placenta. Adiponectin exerts its effects by activating a range of different signaling molecules via binding to two transmembrane Adiponectin receptors, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2. AdipoR1 is expressed primarily in the skeletal muscle, whereas AdipoR2 is predominantly expressed in the liver. Adiponectin May play a role in cell growth, angiogenesis and tissue remodeling by binding and sequestering various growth factors.