This reagent has been pre-titrated and tested for flow cytometric analysis. The suggested use of this reagent is 5 µl per 10^6 cells in a 100 µl suspension or 5 µl per 100 µl of whole blood.
CD45, also known as protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type C, is a type I transmembrane protein expressed on the surface of all haematopoietic cells with the exception of erythrocytes and platelets (PMID: 3489673; 28615666). CD45 is a pan-haematopoietic cell marker and has been shown to be essential for T- and B-cell activation and signalling (PMID: 9429890; 16378097). Allelic variants of mouse CD45, CD45.1 (Ly5.1) and CD45.2 (Ly5.1), have been established as a marker system to track haematopoietic cells following congenic mouse bone marrow transplants (PMID: 28615666). CD45.2 is the common form and is expressed by most of the established strains, while CD45.1 is found in only a few like the SJL mouse strain (PMID: 3489673).